What You Need To Know About Oral And Dental Health
Oral and dental health can give important information about our general health. Therefore, it is an issue that should be considered. Poor oral hygiene can lead to tooth decay and gum disease, and is also linked to heart disease, cancer and diabetes. Protecting healthy teeth and gums is an investment in our health for life.
The earlier we acquire appropriate oral hygiene habits, such as brushing teeth, using dental floss and limiting sugar intake, the easier it will be to avoid costly dental procedures and long-term health problems.
Tooth decay and gum diseases are very common problems. There are many methods that we can apply to keep our teeth healthy. The most important and most basic of these will be to brush the teeth twice a day. In addition, the use of dental floss is an important factor in maintaining oral health.
It is very important not only to carry out care, but also to take measures to protect the current health. For this reason, the most important factor is to pay attention to the nutrients consumed.
Reducing sugar intake, avoiding alcohol and tobacco products and avoiding the consumption of acidic foods and beverages are also some of the factors that will significantly affect oral health. At the same time, if you do not disrupt routine checks, problems may be minimized as a possible problem will be diagnosed early.
Symptoms Of Oral And Dental Health Problems
You should not wait until you have symptoms to visit the dentist. Visiting the dentist twice a year will usually allow them to notice a problem before you notice any symptoms. Dental health problems often begin to show themselves with tiny signs.
- Aphthouses , sores and ulcers in the mouth that do not recover for a long time,
- Bleeding when brushing or flossing,
- Extremely hot and cold sensitivity,
- Pain in the teeth and gums,
- Loose teeth,
- Gingival recession,
- Pain caused by chewing or biting,
- Chronic bad breath,
- Swelling of the face and cheek,
- Frequent drying of the mouth,
If you experience the above symptoms, contacting a specialist will help you avoid a possible problem.
Why Do Oral And Dental Health Problems Occur?
Our oral cavity collects all kinds of bacteria, viruses and fungi. Some bacteria and viruses in the mouth are actually where they should be, and the oral flora creates a healthy oral environment with these beneficial bacteria and viruses. However, if the sugar content increases in your diet, this creates a feast for acid-producing bacteria, and these harmful bacteria begin to produce acid. This acid damages tooth enamel and cause tooth decay.
The bacteria near your gums are housed on sticky plaques here. The accumulation and hardening of these plaques should be eliminated by brushing and flossing. If plaque accumulation continues, this can disrupt the structure of your gums and lead to gingivitis.
If gingivitis increases, it causes your gums to be pulled out. If the gums are pulled out, an environment where inflammation can accumulate more easily occurs. This more advanced stage of gum disease is called periodontitis.
Treatment Of Oral And Dental Health Diseases
Most problems with the mouth and teeth can be diagnosed during a dental examination. Your dentist will take a dental X-ray of your mouth to make sure that each of your teeth is pictured. In some cases, MRI, CT, endoscopy may also be needed.
A ruler tool called Probe is used to measure the pockets that form in your gums. Gum disease or recession can be detected with gums measured by probe. The distance between a healthy gum and the teeth varies between 1-3 mm. If you have a gum higher than these measures, this is a precursor to a disease or problem.
If there is an abnormal lesion or cyst-like structure in the gums, your dentist will take a Biopsy from here and examine it. The biopsy sample can be examined in the laboratory to check whether the lesion required intervention before further growth or it is even related to cancer.
Oral Health And Its Effects On General Health
The importance of oral health has increased in recent years as researchers have discovered a link between decreased oral health and underlying systemic conditions. It has been confirmed by research that a healthy mouth can help you have a healthy body.
Bacteria can spread from your oral cavity into your bloodstream and cause infectious endocardia. Infectious endocarditis is a life-threatening infection found in the heart valves. Your dentist may recommend taking antibiotics as a preventive measure before carrying out any dental procedures that can dislodge bacteria from your mouth.